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Why Iranian Women Experience Work-Family Conflict?

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Ziba Taghizadeh, Abbas Ebadi, Sedigheh Keshavarz, Abolghasem Pourreza, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad and Razieh Bagherzadeh*   Pages 136 - 149 ( 14 )

Abstract:


Background: Despite the global importance of work-family issues and the many calls for studies within distinct cultural contexts; work-family research has mainly been conducted in Anglo societies, and Western countries.

Objective: The present study was designed to explore the factors which determine the work-family conflict through personal information, including, but not limited to the lived experiences and perspectives of Iranian women who are both employed and married.

Methods: A qualitative approach was chosen, which would allow for an in-depth and rich exploration of the experiences, perceptions, and feelings of participants. Data were obtained from 29 participants , in-depth individual interviews with 17 participants and two focus groups. Each focus group discussion included 6 participants.

Results: Six main categories emerged from the data analysis: the value of work and family, hegemonic masculinity, non-supportive environment, job stress, overloading family, and inadequacy of individual ability and skills.

Conclusion: Based on the data obtained from participants, sociocultural factors play an important role in the creation of work-family conflict.

Keywords:

Work-family, conflict, women, qualitative study, Iran, Iranian women.

Affiliation:

Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran, University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Behavioral Sciences Research Center, lifestyle, Nursing Faculty of Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Department of Health Management and Economics, Faculty of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, IR, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr



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