Indira Shrestha* and Rita Giri Pages 214 - 219 ( 6 )
Background: Premenstrual syndrome is the symptom that occurs prior to the menstrual cycle and includes physical and psychological changes that interfere with the daily activities. There is inadequate knowledge regarding premenstrual syndrome among adolescents and very little information is found regarding it among adolescents in Nepal.
Objective: To find out knowledge and prevalence regarding premenstrual syndrome among adolescent students of a selected school in Morang District, Nepal.
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 137 female adolescents from 13-19 years having a menstrual cycle. Non-probability purposive sampling was used to select the school and census sampling at the time of data collection for the selection of samples. The data was collected by a self-administered questionnaire and interview method, which was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: The study revealed that most (90.5%) of the respondents had inadequate knowledge regarding premenstrual syndrome and 57.7% of the respondents had a prevalence of premenstrual syndrome. Most (73%) of the respondents said that they had experienced fatigue/lack of energy prior to menstruation and many (56.93%) of the respondents said that the prevailing symptoms interfered with their work efficiency and productivity. Statistically, a significant association was found between the knowledge of premenstrual syndrome and ethnicity at (p=0.037). Similarly, a statistically significant association was also found between the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and family history at (p=0.018); the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome and regularity of menstruation at (p= 0.002).
Conclusion: The findings of this study concluded that there was inadequate knowledge and the premenstrual syndrome was present among most of the respondents. The findings highlight the importance of awareness regarding premenstrual syndrome among adolescents.
Knowledge, Premenstrual Syndrome, Adolescents, cross-sectional study, psychological changes, psychological changes.
Department of Nursing, JF Institute of Health Sciences/LACHS, Kathmandu, Department of Nursing, JF Institute of Health Sciences/LACHS, Kathmandu