Zaynab Al-Eisawi* and Eman Rababah Pages 220 - 228 ( 9 )
Background: Anaemia is a leading haematological disorder and one of the most common health problems worldwide affecting over a billion people. Anaemia leads to the lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen. In this study, we focused particularly on the prevalence of anaemia in students currently enrolled at the Hashemite University/Jordan, shining light on the overall prevalence in this age group elsewhere. These individuals are at an increased risk of developing anaemia and are a nutritionally susceptible part of the population.
Methods: Complete blood counts were determined for a total of two hundred students. Questionnaires were also completed by students regarding their life-style and dietary habits.
Results: A significant 27% of female students were found to be anaemic. 17% of females had mild type of anaemia, whereas 10% of females tested suffered from moderate anaemia. The percentage of anaemia among males was also determined and found to be insignificant with only 2% of male students affected. A direct link was found between anaemia and a lack of consumption of foods rich in iron and/or over-consumption of foods that inhibit iron absorption. An inverse correlation was also observed with body mass index (BMI).
Conclusion: Prevention of anaemia is particularly relevant in females and may be implemented by different but complementary means such as education workshops, iron fortification of foods and the adaption of lifestyle habits.
Anaemia, diet, Body Mass Index, students, iron consumption, iron absorption.
Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Hashemite University, Zarqa