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Diet Control in Pregnant Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Author(s):

Piyaporn Sitkulanan*, Natthananporn Sanguanklin and Sirikhwan Pomjumpa   Pages 1 - 6 ( 6 )

Abstract:


The incidence of diabetes mellitus has significantly increased in the last two decades. Gestational diabetes mellitus, GDM, is a complication that affects both pregnant women and newborn babies. Pregnant women that are diagnosed with GDM are 7 times more likely to be diagnosed with type II diabetes mellitus. In addition, infants born by GDM mothers are at higher risk of developing diabetes mellitus in the future. Controlling blood sugar within the normal range during pregnancy can decrease negative pregnancy outcomes. However, most pregnant women with GDM cannot control their blood sugar within the normal range because of a lack of knowledge and skill in selecting appropriate foods. They also often experience inconsistency in their diet control behavior. Most pregnant women worry about gaining too much weight, and most pregnant women with GDM have to learn how to choose their food properly in terms of both nutrients and quantity in order to control their blood sugar levels within the normal range. Diet control during pregnancy is one way to prevent the negative consequences of GDM for both mothers and infants.

Keywords:

diet control, pregnant women, gestational diabetes, food consumption, hyperglycemia, weight gain in pregnancy

Affiliation:

Department of Family Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing, Thammasat University, 99 Klonghning Klonghlong Prathumtanee, Department of Family Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing, Thammasat University, 99 Klonghning Klonghlong Prathumtanee, Department of Family Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing, Thammasat University, 99 Klonghning Klonghlong Prathumtanee



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