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Elucidation of Malaria on Metabolic Activities During Pregnancy

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 3 ]

Author(s):

Saira Baloch*, Xiaofang Pei, Jiayi Chen, Yuhang Chen, Shafi Muhammad, Fangting He and Dong Ke   Pages 218 - 222 ( 5 )

Abstract:


Background: Malaria is extended to more than 90 countries of the world, and is also considered as a major public health and socio-economical problem.

Objective: The aim of this study is the elucidation of malaria on metabolic activities in pregnancy.

Material and Methods: A total of 60 patients with gestational vivax malaria were recruited in this study, and 60 healthy pregnant women were selected as a control group. These women were selected using simple random sampling technique. A sample of 5 ml venous blood was drawn from each patient, centrifuged at 5000 rpm for 20 minutes to separate the serum. The serum samples were analyzed for enzyme activity such as Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP), Creatine Phospho Kinase (CPK), Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH), and Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase / aspartate aminotransferase (SGOT/AST) by using kit method on Microlab 300 and trace metal content Magnesium, Iron, Copper and Zinc (Mg, Fe, Cu, and Zn) by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (Varian AAS Model A-20).

Results: There was an increased level of Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP), Creatine Phospho Kinase (CPK), Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH), and Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase / aspartate aminotransferase in sixty pregnant women suffering from vivax malaria as compared to the control subjects. Whereas, the low concentrations of serum iron, copper, magnesium and zinc were observed in patients as compared to the control subjects.

Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that in order to enhance the immunity and develop resistance towards malaria during pregnancy, it is necessary to balance enzyme activity and provide diverse metals in the therapy to cure this disease.

Keywords:

Malaria, enzyme activity, metal contents, pregnancy, atomic absorption spectroscopy, Microlab 300.

Affiliation:

West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu, West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu, West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu, West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Services Hospital, Karachi, Sindh, West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu, West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu

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