Yechiel Z. Burke and Jordan H. Perlow* Pages 25 - 33 ( 9 )
More than one half of pregnant women are presently classified as overweight or obese and 8% of reproductive age women are extremely obese. Since 1980, obesity rates have doubled for adults and tripled for adolescents aged 12-19 years. The sturdy gains in overall health that have been achieved by Americans since the dawn of the 20th century may be perturbed by the obesogenic epidemic The aim of this review is to highlight the risks that the high-risk obese parturients encounter and discuss dietary, medical and surgical options in the care of these patients from pregestational stages until postpartum. We will review the role of diet, exercise, bariatric surgery, mode of delivery and regional or general anesthesia, where special concerns are required in the obese gravida.
Desirable weight gain, management, obesity, obstetric risks, pregnancy, perinatal risks.
Bruce and Ruth Rappaport School of Medicine, Technion, Haifa. Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Banner University Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ 85014